Ch 11 Searching for The Real Jesus Quiz Questions hello I have two quizzes and I need a The correct answers for both one of them I have the Lecture so u

Ch 11 Searching for The Real Jesus Quiz Questions hello

I have two quizzes and I need a The correct answers for both

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thank you Searching for the Real Jesus
Ch 11
Enlightenment: 17th – 18th Centuries (1600’s – 1800’s)
The Philosophy of rationalism – reason (what can be logically understood by the mind) was the
sole test of truth.
• This challenged people’s traditional approach to the Bible – believing it as
historically accurate and reliable.
• Because rationalism dominated the intellectual scene, historical criticism began
to be applied to the biblical texts to study them like any other historical
document.
1. First Quest: 19th Century (1800’s)
a. Overview: Period when scholars used rationalistic research to find the historical
Jesus.
b. Traced to Hermen Samuel Reimarus – Jesus wanted to free people from Rome
but failed. When He died, His disciples stole His body and made up a story that
He resurrected.
i. He believed Christianity began through fraud and deceit.
ii. His ideas were rejected but they set off a lot of rationalistic research on
the historical Jesus that tried to explain Jesus in non-supernatural terms.
c. Many book were written by various people who were trying explain away the
supernatural elements of Jesus and the Gospels.
i. Common thread through all the books was that Jesus was a mere man, an
ethical teacher proclaiming the love of God and the brotherhood of all
human beings.
d. They believed most miracles could be explained from unrecognized causes or
mistaken observations.
1. Feeding 5k, rich ppl were inspired by the little boy.
2. Walking on water, Jesus was walking new the shore, there was a
mist covering His feet.
3. Raising of Lazarus, he was in a coma.
4. Crucifixion, Jesus didn’t really die, He fainted and woke up in the
cool tomb.
2. No Quest
a. Overview: The claim was that almost nothing can be known about the historical
Jesus.
b. Scholars thought that many of the rationalizations of the previous quest were
too far-fetched and could not really account for the miracle stories which were
recorded in all layers of the Gospels.
c. The Jesus that emerged was completely detached from His first-century context.
They thought the scholars of the first quest had created Jesus into their own
image modern philanthropist preaching an inoffensive message of love and
brotherhood. (book by Albert Schweitzer – Quest for the Historical Jesus)
d. So the First Quest ended and the No Quest began, when radical skepticism
dominated the discussion.
e. Here we have Rudolf Bultmanni. Most influential NT scholar of the 20th century.
ii. Influenced a whole generation of scholars
iii. He was influenced by
1. Ernst Troeltsch: Foundations of the Historical-Critical Method
2. He developed three principles which are still used today to guide
historical-critical research. His principles ruled out the uniqueness
about Christianity and ruled out supernatural intervention in
human events.
a. The principle of methodological doubt – all historical
judgements are statements of probability and relative
truth, open to later correction or revision. This principle
denies the existence of universal or absolute statements of
religious dogma.
b. The principle of analogy – all historical events are similar in
quality and should be understood with reference to our
common experience. If loaves and fishes do not multiply
today, then they did not do so in ancient times.
c. The principle of correlation – all historical phenomena
exist in a chain of cause and effect. There is no effect
without an adequate and sufficient cause.
3. D. F Strauss: The Gospels as Myth
a. He thought it was absurd that miracles were natural
events that were misperceived by eyewitnesses.
b. He said rather that, the miracles of Jesus were myths that
were developed over time.
c. He thought the Gospels were not eyewitness accounts but
were written anonymously mid- to late – second century
AD.
d. He influenced other writers to later not try to explain away
the miracles rationalistically but rather to dismiss them as
myth and legend created by the early church.
4. William Wrede: The Gospels as Theological Propaganda
a. He said the Gospels were theologically motivated rather
than historically motivated.
b. Most scholar up to this point thought Mark was reliable,
Wrede said it was propaganda.
5. Johannes Weiss: Jesus as Apocalyptic Prophet
a. Rejected the idea of Jesus as an enlightened, liberal social
reformer preaching the kingdom of God as an ethical and
spiritual ideal.
b. Jesus was a wild-eyed eschatological prophet calling
people to repent in preparation for the imminent end of
the world.
c. He was rejected and came to believed He had to die to
bring in the kingdom.
6. History of Religions School
a. Religious growth is evolutionary and that all religions
develop from simple to complex.
b. Pagan influence is why a mere man – a Jewish peasant
teacher – could very quickly be worshipped as a god.
7. Martin Kahler: The Historical Jesus and the Christ of Faith
a. He believed you could not reconstruct a biography of
Jesus, because the Kerygma (preaching about the exalted
Chris) is so interwoven in the Gospel. There is only a
supernatural Jesus.
b. He wanted to recover the significance of Jesus for the
Church but Bultmann used his teaching to draw a strict
dichotomy between the Jesus of history and the Christ of
faith.
iv. Rudolf Bultmann: Extreme Skepticism and Demythologizing the Gospels
1. He believed the Gospels were filled with myths.
2. He thought there was a deep separation from the Jesus of history
and the Christ of faith. He thought that almost nothing could be
known about the Jesus of history. Rather, he thought, we should
focus on the Christ of faith, that is we all we can know.
a. However, this mentality would cut Christianity off from its
historical roots.
3. He believe that the early church didn’t care about the historical
Jesus but rather only the Christ of faith who they worshipped.
4. He thought it was impossible for modern man to accept the
prescientific worldview of the biblical writers – reality of miracles,
spirit beings, and three-storied universe (earth, heaven, hell).
5. He believe the Gospel writers only cared about theological
concerns.
6. He thought the Gospels only bore witness to the life of the early
church and not the historical Jesus.
7. The church put the words of their prophets and teachers on the
lips of Jesus.
8. He believe there was eye witnesses had no role in the writing of
the Gospels.
9. Gospels still have truth, he thought. He thought the New
Testament held the key in an existential worldview.
a. The existential problem is that humans live with the dread
of death and nothingness, so people try to escape the
dread by living inauthentically. They distract themselves by
becoming absorbed in life’s pursuits to cope.
b. The goal of existentialism is to recognize the dilemma of
nothingness, yet live authentically, open and honest
towards the future.
10. Bultmann believe that Jesus’ essential message was an existential
“call to decision” to live a life of “authentic existence”.
3. The New (Second Quest) and Post-Bultmannians (1953-1970’s)
a. Overview: They thought the previous “No Quest” had gone too far in separating
the Jesus of history from the Christ of faith.
b. Ernst Kasemann
i. Student of Bultmann, at a gathering of his students, called for a new
quest. They thought Bultmann had gone too far.
ii. This resulted in a resurgence of research on the historical Jesus.
iii. Same basic premises even though they rejected the extreme skepticism
1. An existential worldview
2. Rejection of the supernatural
3. A strict dichotomy between the Jesus of history and the Christ of
faith
4. The Gospels as theological rather than historical documents
5. The far removal in place and time of the gospel writers from the
eyewitnesses
6. The form-critical assumption that most of the Gospel tradition
was created and embellished by the early Christian communities.
iv. Not much to show for the new quest, it quickly died down.
4. Third Quest ( 1980’s – present)
a. Overview: This quest says we can find, learn, research and know something
about the historical Jesus.
b. This is a highly diverse movement, that embraces scholars of all views.
c. Sparked by advances in biblical and archeological studies and new
methodologies.
i. Sociocultural, anthropological, feminism…
d. The historical Jesus – defined as knowledge about Jesus which can be attained
through historical research, is a subset of truth about the real Jesus.
e. They believe there are reliable sources that teach us about the historical Jesus.
Mark brings us closer to seeing the historical Jesus. If Matt and Luke used him as
a source, he must be reliable.
f. They believe Q is also a reliable source.
g. They do mostly ignore John or are very skeptical because so much of John is so
unique.
h. Jesus Seminar (Robert Funk and John Dominic Crossan: 1985)
i. Some see the Jesus seminar as part of the Third Quest, other see them as
a sperate and idiosyncratic movement.
i.
ii. Met twice yearly for 10 years and voted on the authenticity of words and
actions of Jesus.
iii. They voted each Gospel episode was voted: red (authentic), pink
(something like Jesus), gray (inauthentic, but ideas close to Jesus), or
black (inauthentic).
iv. Greco roman influences stressed
v. Jesus was non eschatological
vi. They believe the Gospels have little historical value, only 15 % is real,
almost nothing in John is authentic according to them.
vii. Many conservative and liberal scholars criticize the Jesus Seminar for;
1. Their voting methods.
2. Disconnected Jesus from His context.
3. They give more value to noncanonical sources than to the
Gospels.
4. Circular reasoning- they have preconceived ideas that they don’t
change even where there is hard evidence.
5. They are myopic with the words of Jesus, ignoring His deeds.
Third Quest developed the Criteria of Authenticity (This helps to judge the
historicity of the sayings of Jesus). They can be circular in reasoning so have to be
used with a lot of caution
i. The criterion of dissimilarity
1. If Jesus said or did something that was dissimilar (different,
unique from) to the characteristic emphases both of ancient
Judaism and the early church, then it is authentic.
a. Problem: Tells us what is unique about Jesus, but not
what is characteristic of Him.
2. The criterion of coherence
a. Once characteristics of the teaching of Jesus are
established by the criterion of dissimilarity, these can be
used to substantiate other similar sayings which could not
themselves meet that test.
3. Criterion of multiple attestations
i. If it appears in most or all the sources behind the
Gospels it is authentic.
4. Criterion of Embarrassment
i. If it would have embarrassed the church but it was
still recorded it is authentic.
1. Jesus doesn’t know when He’ll return
5. Criterion of Semitic flavor
i. If it has Jewish or Palestinian flavor it is authentic
6. Criterion of Divergent traditions
i. If the writer keeps something that doesn’t serve his
purpose it is authentic.
ii. Contemporary portraits of Jesus
1. Cynic like philosopher
2. Jewish mystic or spirit person
a. Honi the Rainmaker or Hanina ben Dosa
3. A social revolutionary
4. Eschatological prophet
5. The Messiah
Name:
.
Date:
.
Quiz: Searching for the Real Jesus
1. Describe the philosophy of rationalism that arose in the 17th and 18th Centuries?
2. What method of biblical study developed out of the philosophy of rationalism?
3. Give an example of how a miracle was rationalistically explained during the 1st Quest?
4. Why did the 1st Quest fail and the period of No Quest begin?
5. List the 3 principles, developed by Troeltsch, that are still used in historical-critical research.
1.
2.
3.
6. Bultmann drew a strict dichotomy between the ____________ ___ __________ and the
_________ ____ _____________.
7. Bultmann believed that we can know the historical Jesus. T/F
8. Bultmann believed the New Testament held the key to what worldview?
9. The 2nd Quest shared some of the same basic premises of the No Quest. List 3 of them.
1.
2.
3.
10.What does the 3rd Quest believe about the Historical Jesus?
* List 2 criterion of the 3rd Quest.
1.
2.
Name:
.
Date:
.
Quiz: The Message of Jesus .
1. Jesus used various literary devices in His teaching. List and describe 3.
1.
2.
3.
2. How was Jesus’ teaching different from the other rabbis of the day?
3. List the two understandings the Jews of Jesus’ time had, regarding the Kingdom of God?
4. What was the third understanding regarding the Kingdom of God that Jesus added?
5. Did Jesus abolish the Sabbath, what did He try to do with their understanding of the Sabbath?
6. Jesus did two things in regards to the law, instead of abolishing it. What are these two things He
taught about the Law.
1.
2.
7. What are the two laws that all the other laws hangs on.
8. According to the teachings of Jesus, if we are saved by grace, what is the place of good works?
9. To whom does Jesus give the good news that are normally left out or kept out?
10.List 3 principles that one should use in interpreting paprables.
1.
2.
3.

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