Organizational Decision Making


To complete your written assignment for this seminar you will need to address the following four sections. You will notice that the sections that follow should be very familiar to you because they are your course objectives. I expect you to incorporate the knowledge that you have gained from your readings and from each other to construct a 9 – 10 page essay that provides a clear understanding of disaster and hazard management. The key here is to understand the barriers to communication that include how individuals make decisions based upon how they perceive risk. It is very important that you do not simply cut and paste from your discussion boards or reflections essays. You should take the information that you reflect upon to provide a comprehensive academic essay that is completely supported with evidence and contains no personal opinion. Your essay will have six parts. You will begin with an introduction which will be followed by four sections and a conclusion. The first three content sections will accumulate into the fourth section. Again, each section subject should seem very familiar as they are your course objectives. You will notice that each module provides weekly objectives to reach one of the course objectives while each course objective accumulates into the final course objective. Your introduction should tell your reader what you are going to be doing and provide the compelling case as to why your reader should read the essay without being creative or story telling, just the facts. Your conclusion should provide a summary that explains to your reader what you have just done and why your reader should care. For example, what does all of this mean to public administration and the public interest? (or) What does all of this mean to the public administrator? Introduction Section 1: Evaluate the need for understanding risk and risk perception for disaster and hazard management. Section 2: Assess and interpret how risk and risk attitudes impact risk communication before, during, and after a hazard impacts with society. Section 3: Analyze various techniques and tools for dealing with media influence and when protective orders do not make sense. Section 4: Recommend courses of action for improving performance in public organizations for disaster and hazard management through an understanding of individual decision making. Conclusion Your written assignment will be 9 – 10 pages in length. This means that it should be no less than 9 pages and no more than 10 pages. You should use a Cover page and References page which are not counted in your page length requirement. Endnotes, footnotes, and headers do not count for page length and may cause you to fall short if not accounted for. Your written assignment should be typed and double spaced with 12-point font and one-inch margins top, bottom, and side using the Chicago Manual of Style, 16 or newer (Author Date) for citations and references. All sources must be properly, thoroughly, and consistently cited. Careful attention to grammar, spelling, and the mechanics of presentation is expected. Wikipedia is not a reliable source of information. Any citation of Wikipedia,, E-Encyclopedia, Spark Notes or anything similar in a term paper, discussion forum, or other assignment in this course will result in an automatic score of 0 (zero) on the assignment. References from class readings: Course Week 1 • White, GF (1998). Paths to Risk Analysis. Risk Analysis, 8 (2), 171-175. • Kasperson and Dow (1993). Hazards Perception and Geography. In Behavior and Environment: Psychological and Geographical Approaches. Garling, T and Golledge, RG eds. Pp 193-221 (Attached) • Cutter, Susan (2001). The Changing Nature of Risks and Hazards. In American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters Susan Cutter ed. Chapter 1, Pgs. 1-12, Joseph Henry Press, Washington DC. (Attached) • Hill, Arleen and Susan Cutter (2001). Methods for Determining Disaster Proneness. In American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters Susan Cutter ed. Chapter 2, Pgs. 13-36, Joseph Henry Press, Washington DC. (Attached) • Kasperson, R. E., & Pijawka, K. D. (1985). Societal Response to Hazards and Major Hazard Events: Comparing Natural and Technological Hazards. Public Administration Review, 45(Special), 7-18. (Attached) Course Week 2 • Slovic, P. (1987). Perception of Risk. Science, 237 (4799): 280 – 285. • Dombrowski, M., Fischhoff, B., & Fisschbeck, P. (2006). Predicting Emergency Evacuation and Sheltering Behavior: A Structured Analytical Approach. Risk Analysis, 26 (6): 1675 – 1688. • Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B., & Lichtenstein, S. (1979). Rating the Risks. Environment. 21 (3): 14-20; 36-39 • Slovic, P., (1993). Perceived Risk, Trust, and Democracy. Risk Analysis, 13 (6): 675-682 • Siebeneck, L.K., Lindell, MK., Prater, CS., Wu, HC., and Huang, SK. (2013). Evacuees’ Reentry Concerns and Experiences in the Aftermath of Hurricane Ike. Natural Hazards 65 (3): 2267-2286 Course Week 3 • Quarentelli, EL. (1990). The Warning Process and Evacuation Behavior: The Research Evidence. Newark, DE: Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware. • Mileti, and O’Brien. (1992) Warnings During Disaster: Normalizing Communicated Risk. Social Problems. 39(1): 40-57. • Sorenson, JH. (2000). Hazard Warning Systems: Review of 20 Years of Progress. Natural Hazards Review. 1 (2): 119-125 • Morss, RE. and Hayden, MH. (2010) Storm Surge and “Certain Death”: Interviews with Texas Coastal Residents Following Hurricane Ike. Weather, Climate, and Society. 2:174-189 • Lin, CC., Siebeneck, LK., Lindell, MK., Prater, CS., Wu, HC., and Huang, SK. (2013). Evacuees’ Information Sources and Reentry Decision Making in the Aftermath of Hurricane Ike. Natural Hazards, 70 (1): 865-881 • Williams, Brian, Jesus Valero, Kyungwoo Kim (2018) Social Media, Trust, and Disaster: Does Trust in Public and Nonprofit Organizations Explain Social Media Use During a Disaster? Quality and Quantity, 52 (2): 537-550 Course Week 4 • Dow, K. and Cutter, SL. (1998). Crying Wolf: Repeat Responses to Hurricane Evacuation Orders. Coastal Management, (26) 237-252 • Arlikatti, S., Lindell, MK., Prater, CS., & Zang, Y. (2006). Risk Area Accuracy and Hurricane Evacuation Expectations of Coastal Residents. Environment and Behavior, 38(2): 226-247. • Morss, RE. and Hayden, MH. (2010) Storm Surge and “Certain Death”: Interviews with Texas Coastal Residents Following Hurricane Ike. Weather, Climate, and Society. 2:174-189 • Lin, CC., Siebeneck, LK., Lindell, MK., Prater, CS., Wu, HC., and Huang, SK. (2013). Evacuees’ Information Sources and Reentry Decision Making in the Aftermath of Hurricane Ike. Natural Hazards, 70 (1): 865-881 • Sutton, J., Palen, L., & Shklovski, I. (2008). Backchannels on the Front Lines: Emergent Uses of Social Media in the 2007 Southern California Wildfires. In Proceedings of the 5th International ISCRAM Conference (pp. 624 – 632). Washington, DC. Course Week 5 • Quarantelli, EL. (1980) The Study of Disaster Movies: Research Problems, Findings and Implications. Preliminary Paper #64. Disaster Research Center. University of Delaware. Pp 1-30. • Tierney, KJ., Bevc, C., & Kuligowski, E. (2006). Metaphors Matter: Disaster Myths, Media Frames, and Their Consequences in Hurricane Katrina. The Annals of The American Academy of Political and Social Science. 604(1): 57-81 • Lowe, T., Brown, K., Dessai, S., De Franca Doria, M., Haynes, K., (2006). Does Tomorrow Ever Come? Disaster Narrative and Public Perceptions of Climate Change. Public Understanding of Science. 15: 435-457. Course Week 6 • Clarke, L. and Perrow, C. (1996). Prosaic Organizational Failure. American Behavioral Scientist. 30(1): 1040-1056. • Lindell, MK. And Prater, CS. (2007). Critical Behavioral Assumptions in Evacuation Time Estimate Analysis for Private Vehicles: Examples from Hurricane Research and Planning. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 133(1): 18-29. • Aven, T. (2013). On The Meaning of a Black Swan in a Risk Context. Safety Science, 57:44-51.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Organizational Decision Making
This is a Snippet Preview, get a Complete Solution Here
Order Essay
Homework Market Pro
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Our Unique Features

Custom Papers Means Custom Papers

This is what custom writing means to us: Your essay starts from scratch. Plagiarism is unacceptable. We demand the originality of our academic essay writers and they only deliver authentic and original papers. 100% guaranteed! If your final version is not as expected, we will revise it immediately.

Qualified and Experienced Essay Writers

Our team consists of carefully selected writers with in-depth expertise. Each writer in our team is selected based on their writing skills and experience. Each team member is able to provide plagiarism-free, authentic and high-quality content within a short turnaround time.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Assuarance

We understand you. Spending your hard earned money on a writing service is a big deal. It is a big investment and it is difficult to make the decision. That is why we support our claims with guarantees. We want you to be reassured as soon as you place your order. Here are our guarantees: Your deadlines are important to us. When ordering, please note that delivery will take place no later than the expiry date.

100% Originality & Confidentiality

Every paper we write for every order is 100% original. To support this, we would be happy to provide you with a plagiarism analysis report on request.We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

We help students, business professionals and job seekers around the world in multiple time zones. We also understand that students often keep crazy schedules. No problem. We are there for you around the clock. If you need help at any time, please contact us. An agent is always available for you.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Our services are second to none. Every time you place an order, you get a personal and original paper of the highest quality.


Essay Writing Service

While a college paper is the most common order we receive, we want you to understand that we have college writers for virtually everything, including: High school and college essays Papers, book reviews, case studies, lab reports, tests All graduate level projects, including theses and dissertations Admissions and scholarship essays Resumes and CV’s Web content, copywriting, blogs, articles Business writing – reports, marketing material, white papers Research and data collection/analysis of any type.


Any Kind of Essay Writing!

Whether you are a high school student struggling with writing five-paragraph essays, an undergraduate management student stressing over a research paper, or a graduate student in the middle of a thesis or dissertation, has a writer for you. We can also provide admissions or scholarship essays, a resume or CV, as well as web content or articles. Writing an essay for college admission takes a certain kind of writer. They have to be knowledgeable about your subject and be able to grasp the purpose of the essay.


Quality Check and Editing Support

Every paper is subject to a strict editorial and revision process. This is to ensure that your document is complete and accurate and that all of your instructions have been followed carefully including creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Prices and Discounts

We are happy to say that we offer some of the most competitive prices in this industry. Since many of our customers are students, job seekers and small entrepreneurs, we know that money is a problem. Therefore, you will find better prices with us compared to writing services of this calibre.